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Bitcoin – Explanation, Pros and Cons, History, Buying guide, Wallets, Price prediction, Faucets

Bitcoin is the first decentralized digital currency that has no central authority or banks. It was invented by an unknown person or group of people under the name Satoshi Nakamoto in 2009. Transactions are made with no middleman. There are pros and cons to Bitcoin, but what I think is most interesting about this whole thing, is that it’s basically a decentralized banking system, which means you can transfer money to anyone in the whole world – not just those who have bank accounts.

In order to get started with Bitcoin one needs a Bitcoin wallet and a way of earning Bitcoins such as mining (more on this later) and trading for them. Simplistically; wallets are where you store your Bitcoins securely; exchanges allow you to buy and sell Bitcoins for other currencies; faucets are ways you can earn Bitcoins without having to buy them.

What is Bitcoin? How does it work and how can I invest in it?

In this article I will give you a brief introduction to Bitcoin and a breakdown of where to buy, store, mine and trade them. A lot of people have heard about Bitcoin, but few understand what it is. Bitcoin is a digital currency that has no central authority or banks – meaning, you can transfer money to anyone without any middleman. That means you can get started with Bitcoin for example by downloading a Bitcoin wallet and earning Bitcoins. You do this by trading them, mining them or using services like faucets that give them away for free.

Keep in mind though that the high volatility of the currency makes it an extremely risky investment – so don’t put your life savings into Bitcoins!


Market Cap

The Market Cap is the total value of all Bitcoins in existence. It is calculated by multiplying the Price per Bitcoin with the Circulating Supply (which is the number of Bitcoins in circulation).

To put it into numbers, if there are 10 million Bitcoins in circulation and each Bitcoin is worth $1,000 dollars, then your market cap would be: $10 million dollars. This number will change all the time and does not reflect on anything other than the value of your currency.

The market index basically shows how much money you would get if you sold your currency today and converted it back to USD or EURO.

What is Bitcoin? Everything You Need to Know

Bitcoin is a digital currency created in 2009. Transactions are made with no middleman (meaning, there are no banks!) and the system of Bitcoin was designed to have a fixed supply of coins that would never be changed. The supply is limited to 21 million Bitcoins, and it is predicted that the last Bitcoin will be mined in 2140. There are many pros and cons to Bitcoin, however what I think is most interesting about this whole thing is that it’s basically a decentralized banking system which means you can transfer money to anyone in the whole world – not just those who have bank accounts.

What is Bitcoin?

In order to get started with Bitcoin one needs a Bitcoin wallet and a way of earning Bitcoins such as mining (more on this later) and trading for them. Simplistically; wallets are where you store your Bitcoins securely; exchanges allow you to buy and sell Bitcoins for other currencies.

This means that you can send money to Africa without needing a bank account there and you don’t need to pay high international transfer fees. This is also a good thing because it removes the middle man. It makes it easier and cheaper for money to move around the world, which is good news for all of us as it will cut down on frictions in global trade.

Bitcoin can be used for international payments

We’ve all heard about Bitcoin on the news, but few understand what it is and where to get started with it. There are many ways to start using Bitcoins, for example you can buy them with an online wallet, mine them and trade them for other currencies. We’ll go through all of these below.

Pros and Cons of Bitcoin


One of the pros of Bitcoin is that it is decentralized and therefore no government or bank can control the system. Bitcoin also allows for direct transfers without middlemen, meaning you don’t need to pay expensive banking, transfer or exchange fees. This is great for international trade. It’s also safe, because all transactions are verified by several network nodes before being written into the blockchain (a digital public ledger). This means that no one person can tamper with it.

Another advantage is that you don’t need to have a bank account to use Bitcoins – which is good news for the unbanked. Once you buy or earn some Bitcoins, you can keep them in your Bitcoin wallet and send them anywhere in the world without any middleman.

Bitcoin is a great way to send money to family members or friends overseas. Just like with PayPal, but without the fees.

Finally, Bitcoin transactions are almost completely anonymous, which makes it perfect for all kinds of black market purchases – illegal activities like drugs or pirated content (music, films etc). This might be good news for criminals, but if governments get too strict with their regulations then it could damage the whole system.

Pros in bullet points

  1. There are less opportunities for fraud when transferring bitcoins
  2. No need for a third party authority or government approval
  3. Bitcoin transactions are safe and encrypted
  4. There is no such thing as Bitcoin inflation
  5. Bitcoins can be used in many different ways
  6. Bitcoin is not controlled by any central authority
  7. Transaction fees for international transfers are very low, as Bitcoins are transferred person-to-person without a bank intervening.
  8. Transactions between people can be completed almost instantly
  9. You can send money to people anywhere in the world


The value of Bitcoin is extremely volatile. The price of one Bitcoin in US dollars has fluctuated from a few cents to over USD $1000 and back down again within a few years, making it a very risky investment.

Another disadvantage is that you need to have technical know-how and software in order to be able to use Bitcoins.

For payments, Bitcoins are still not suitable for everyone, as the target group has a high level of technical knowledge. Also, not all transactions are yet possible with Bitcoins. The fees for transfers are relatively high.

Finally, the legal situation in different countries for Bitcoin users may vary from one region to another.

Cons in bullet points

  1. High value fluctuations
  2. No access to credit cards, which might be required by some businesses
  3. High fees, you pay more than other payment systems
  4. The price of Bitcoin is volatile
  5. Bitcoin is not widely accepted by merchants
  6. Confusing set up for first time users
  7. Slow transaction times compared to other payment systems
  8. Storage of Bitcoins can be difficult and risky
  9. It’s a new technology, so stability & security issues may arise
  10. Users must be careful to use reliable, safe wallets

How high will Bitcoin go? Is it worth an investment?

Bitcoin has a fixed supply and only 21 million Bitcoins will ever be created. The last Bitcoin will be created in 2140, which is more than 600 years from now. It’s an easy enough calculation to work out how many Bitcoins will be created, but it’s still pretty hard to predict what the price of a Bitcoin might be.

You can’t really predict the future price of Bitcoin. Bitcoin went from $1 to $100 rather quickly that first year and then slowly went down for a while until it became stable at about $1000 – but you never know when something like that might happen again.

How high will Bitcoin go?

Most people think of Bitcoin like stocks. If you buy some, you have a small amount of something valuable and you can sell it any time. You could hold on to it forever but if you decide to cash out, there will always be a ready market for whatever Bitcoin you have, at least in theory.

Bitcoin is incredibly volatile: it increases as more people start using them and decrease as more Bitcoins are taken out of the system by mining or destroyed. And because Bitcoins are worth something in relation to other currencies, if the price of those currencies falls, so will the price of Bitcoins. Generally speaking, Bitcoin has maintained an upward trend since it was first invented in 2009 and in 2017 it became more popular than ever before.

How to Buy Bitcoin:

Buy Bitcoin with Credit Card:

There are some websites and online services that allow you to purchase Bitcoin with a credit card. However, these services require ID verification so be careful that the website you use is legitimate and does not steal your personal details.

Buying Bitcoin using Paypal:

You can buy Bitcoin using PayPal, although they tend to be more expensive than credit card purchases. If you want to use PayPal, then make sure to buy Bitcoins from a reputable site which you have heard of but don’t know the name of or trust yet. Using anonymity mixing services will reduce the risk of losing money through identity theft or scams by masking your real identity behind other peoples’ accounts temporarily.

How to buy Bitcoin

Buy Bitcoin with Wire Transfer:

You can purchase Bitcoin using wire transfers, but it takes longer than a credit card, due to the verification process. The exchanges are not only risky, but service providers that facilitate such transactions are either going to charge a really high fee or they’re going to take advantage of you in some other way. If you’re interested in buying Bitcoin this way then here is a list of some businesses that facilitate such transactions:

Buy Bitcoins with bank transfers (SEPA):

Users can buy and sell bitcoins for EUR and USD through bank transfers using SEPA, SWIFT or INTERAC® Online.

Buy Bitcoins with an ATM:

There are several ATMs located in major cities, allowing people to purchase and sell Bitcoins.

Buy Bitcoin with Etoro:

Users can buy Bitcoin using Etoro’s “peer-to-peer” lending service. Currently, Etoro supports BTC trading pairs with LTC and ETH. To buy Bitcoin via Etoro, you must be registered on the platform. The advantages of using Etoro to buy Bitcoin are that you do not need to link a bank account, and that there is no minimum order size. On the other hand, you must pay a fee of 1.49% to buy Bitcoin with Etoro, which is higher than the fees charged by most crypto exchanges (i.e. Coinbase, Gemini, Bittrex). Etoro’s “Peer-to-Peer” service is only available in 48 states of the United States (excluding New York), as well as the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, and Japan.

Bitcoin ATMs allow people to buy Bitcoins for an ATM machine, cash out their Bitcoins, and immediately cash out cash at a local bank branch. The first Bitcoin ATM was installed in Canada in September of 2013 by Robocoin as a prototype machine, but it has since ceased operations due to concerns over money laundering.

Buy Bitcoins on

An escrow service that helps match Bitcoin buyers and sellers. It’s a peer to peer Bitcoin trading platform. The buyers and sellers make their own rules of trade, either by setting the transaction type (regular buy, immediate delivery or escrow), setting a minimum or maximum price or by messaging each other about the conditions of trade. All funds are held in LocalBitcoins’ “cold storage” system until the trade is completed. When trade is complete, LocalBitcoins releases funds to seller/buyer or receiver/sender.

Buy Bitcoins with a Gift Card:

Evoorhees explains that you can buy Bitcoin this way using gift cards, including some which you would buy for yourself at popular retail stores. However, the fees are higher than if you were to use a credit card or bank transfer. Evoorhees recommends buying $100 worth of Bitcoin using a gift card then selling it for 25% of the value on another exchange (such as Coinbase) to lower your exposure to price fluctuations and maximize your returns.

The Best Bitcoin Wallet Options: Hardware Wallets, Desktop Wallets, Paper Wallets

This section will focus on paper wallets and hardware wallets. The easiest way to buy Bitcoin is with a paper wallet. A paper wallet is simply a piece of paper with your Bitcoin address printed on it. You can print a new copy of the public and private keys easily from any Bitcoin wallet like Electrum or the official Bitcoin Core client as shown in this guide. This method is useful if you are storing your Bitcoin offline which reduces your risk of failure, hacks and theft as you don’t need to store your private key online.

To keep track of that private key, you should print another copy for backup (see image above). For more security, recommend printing the private key onto a piece of paper, cutting it out, and then folding it over twice. This makes it impossible for someone to steal your private key in case your computer is stolen or hacked.

Paper wallets are best considered a safe-deposit box rather than something that should be kept hidden away. Keep in mind that they can be stolen if they are not kept completely safe. For this reason, it’s important to keep Bitcoins in paper wallets separate from other investments and only move the Bitcoins you need for everyday use.

However, this should not be seen as a disadvantage because paper wallets are very accessible: you can easily buy one with cash and use it whenever you want to transact with Bitcoin.
The Best Crypto Wallets

Paper wallets are not recommended, as they leave a record of private keys that can become compromised if they fall into the wrong hands. Paper wallets should be treated simply as savings bank accounts. The paper is easy to get at and there is only one copy of the private keys in the whole world. It is not recommended that anyone leaves their Bitcoin online in their personal storage on any exchange (as always we recommend doing so on separate cold storage devices).

The best way to store your Bitcoins is to use a hardware wallet which is a physical device usually made of plastic or sometimes metal and designed to protect the inner workings of a cryptocurrency wallet. Hardware wallets are increasingly becoming the most optimal way to store your cryptocurrency as they are not susceptible to malware attacks.

There are many types of hardware wallets available, for example Ledger Nano S and Trezor. The difference being mostly in the look and feel. You can see some comparison videos here:

How to cash out Bitcoin? How to sell it?

There are some ways to shop with Bitcoin and trade it for other currencies. You can buy stuff on the internet using Bitcoin through various services. You can also offer to exchange your coins for other cryptocurrencies, or swap them for dollars or other currencies. The easiest way to get them is to setup a Bitcoin wallet and use a trading platform like Binance, Coinbase or Kraken.

The biggest problem with using Bitcoins is that as soon as you cash them out, they’re gone forever! Once you sell coins, there’s no way back! So if you plan on selling your Bitcoins for dollars, make sure that you have some value in mind before you do so because the price of Bitcoins will change rapidly over time.

A brief history of Bitcoin and the role of blockchain technology on its rise – When did it start?

The first Bitcoin was mined by Bitcoin’s anonymous creator Satoshi Nakamoto in 2009.

In October of the same year, the first ever real world transaction took place when Satoshi traded 10 000 Bitcoins for two pizzas.

In 2010, the exchange value of one Bitcoin soared to $0.30 and shortly after reached $1, before plunging at the end of the year down to $0.01 when a massive hack occurred on Bitcoin exchange Mt Gox leaving investors bankrupt and out $460million worth of Bitcoins stolen. This was known as “the great Bitcoin crash”.

In March 2011, Bitcoin went back online and the exchange rate surged on a wave of good news: it was announced that Bitcoin would be traded on Mt Gox, the world’s largest Bitcoin exchange; and a new version of Bitcoin software was released. This boosted its confidence in the currency and helped it recover to $0.05; however, this was short lived as a few days later another massive crash occurred causing a loss of 30% (American bank Fractional Reserve Banking allows fraud to occur because they only keep 10% of deposits in reserve at any one time).

In 2012 the first real-world transaction between two countries took place when Satoshi Nakamoto sent 10 000 Bitcoins from Japan to Finland.

History of Bitcoin

2013 was the real break-through year for Bitcoin. The exchange rate rose as high as $230; it was announced that Bitcoin could be purchased and sold at; the first Bitcoin ATM went into operation in Vancouver; and a further increase in value saw one Bitcoin hit $1000. Since then, the rate has continued to rise, reaching over $17,000 at its peak in December 2017.

Since 2013 there have been many improvements made to Bitcoin. These include lightning network implementation to speed up transactions, software updates, and support for SegWit too (the protocol separates transaction signatures from transactions on the blockchain).

2018 and 2019 has been a difficult time for Bitcoin. High-profile hacks in Japan, China and Hong Kong had many investors worried about Bitcoin’s security, and it fell from $20,000 to a low of $3400 in 2018.

After what seemed like decades the price of Bitcoin finally started to pick up again at the beginning of 2019 after an emergency conference in Paris.

2021 is set to be a big year for Bitcoin. The Lightning Network will go live and the Bitcoin network is expected to handle up to 500 transactions per second, which will be able to be increased if needed. Such an increase would make Bitcoin one of the fastest and most secure payment systems in existence.


A good description how mining works can be found on the website “Mining is the process of adding transaction records to Bitcoin’s public ledger of past transactions and a “mining rig” is a colloquial metaphor for a single computer system that performs the necessary computations for “mining”. This ledger of past transactions is called the blockchain as it is a chain of blocks. The blockchain serves to confirm transactions to the rest of the network as having taken place. Bitcoin nodes use the blockchain to distinguish legitimate Bitcoin transactions from attempts to re-spend coins that have already been spent elsewhere.”

The purpose of mining is to ensure that the transaction records in such systems cannot be altered retroactively without changing all subsequent blocks, and therefore rejecting any blocks added after the alteration.

How does Bitcoin mining work?

Bitcoin mining ensures that no one can manipulate the blockchain. This is because once a transaction becomes part of a block, it cannot be modified without modifying all subsequent blocks in the chain. The mining process also ensures integrity, as transactions cannot be revoked (which was the main point of Bitcoin).

As more people start to mine, the difficulty of finding valid blocks is automatically increased by the network to ensure that the average time to find a block remains equal to 10 minutes (i.e., on average every 10 minutes one new block is created). As a result, mining is a very competitive business where no individual miner can control what is included in the block chain.

Proof of Work:

The proof-of-work system, alongside the chaining of blocks, makes modifications of the blockchain extremely hard, as an attacker must modify all subsequent blocks in order for the modifications of one block to be accepted. In this way, the blockchain’s forgery resistance is based on computational difficulty.

The advantages of proof of work are that its concept is relatively simple (with some very complex maths behind it), and a system for mining can be completely decentralized.

The disadvantages of proof of work are that computation is very expensive, only a certain kind of computer can do the proof-of-work problem in relation to Bitcoin (known as Application Specific Integrated Circuits or ASICs), and you need real money to get a return.

Proof Of Stake:

Proof of stake is an alternative to proof of work. Instead of making many people waste time by doing the proof-of-work problem that is hard to solve, they just have to prove they own a certain amount of money in order to accept the block. The idea is that since someone can make money by owning more, they will be more likely to keep the network safe.

The advantage is that it saves energy. The disadvantage is that, if you don’t own a lot of Bitcoins, you cannot mine them without investing a lot of money in mining equipment (which costs a lot and requires technical expertise).

This system has not been implemented into Bitcoin yet but the plan is to replace proof of work with it.

The Bitcoin Code:

The Bitcoin Code is a collection of open-source software, published under the MIT license. The Bitcoin Code is an attempt at creating a complete cryptocurrency platform that can run on any desktop. The system includes support for the Bitcoin protocol as well as several components that cannot be found elsewhere:

The Bitcoin Code is intended to be used as a base for further development by other projects. The initial release of the Bitcoin Code includes support for hardware wallets, and custom applications written in C++ and JavaScript. Other programming languages will be supported in the future.

The Bitcoin Code is fast, stable, reliable, and secure. It is an advanced platform that has been carefully optimized over the course of years to make it as fast as possible. The team behind The Bitcoin Code has done its best to provide a solid base upon which other developers can add their own ideas and create a thriving ecosystem of apps, services, and businesses on top of the Bitcoin protocol.


Bitcoin is the most secure, stable and widely accepted digital currency in the world. It is also the first one. Bitcoin is still in its early years and will only keep growing as it evolves into a fully distributed financial system.

With no fiat money, no restrictions on bitcoin, only a small number of people have been able to use it so far. However, this number has increased rapidly over time, especially since the popularization of mobile payments.

There are already thousands of apps available for both iOS and Android which take advantage of Bitcoin technology to provide completely new services for users.

A lot of new startups have been created recently, especially on the Blockchain side, and the trend will be to develop more decentralized systems and applications. There are also big companies who start to take interest in this technology. Facebook is one example that has already started working on its own blockchain solution.

Bitcoin is an open network and anyone can take part in it if they want. This project is a very interesting initiative to make digital currency accessible for everyone as well as helping developers create applications for this new technology. It will definitely be a success in the future, with lots of people using it instead of fiat money and plenty of businesses taking advantage of it to build their own products or services.

Bitcoin ETF:

An Exchange-Traded Fund (ETF) is a marketable security that tracks an index, a commodity, bonds, or a basket of assets like an index fund. Unlike mutual funds, an ETF trades like a common stock on a stock exchange.

While the SEC has not yet approved any Bitcoin ETFs, there are several Bitcoin ETF applications in the pipelines including BTCS Inc., ProShare Advisors LLC and Direxion Asset Management LLC. This was due to the SEC’s concern with unregulated cryptocurrency markets, which are susceptible to manipulation.


Faucet is a small amount of free Bitcoin that you can get in some websites or apps. You can use it to try Bitcoin for free, or as a way to learn how Bitcoin works and how to use it. Bitcoin Faucets have been around for years. Since Bitcoin is completely virtual, you can’t hold it in your hand. It was also designed to be not possible to own a single whole Bitcoin. A faucet gives you small amounts of Bitcoin (typically 0.000001 BTC) so that you can see the entire system of sending and receiving Bitcoin to work in real time without having to buy any first.

How do Bitcoin Faucets work?

Some faucets are simple and reward you with a small amount of Bitcoins that are automatically sent to your wallet, while others require you to complete a small task, like filling out captchas or getting your friends to join in order to earn more Bitcoins.


The whitepaper is a document describing the vision and technical plan for a project, especially software that will be released to the public.

This is a very important thing to do when you are developing your website because it helps you gain experience by becoming familiar with different parts of the development process. It will also help you in marketing your startup and make it more visible.

The Bitcoin whitepaper

If you are just starting out then a whitepaper is not necessary for your company, but if you’ve made it this far then do take the time to put one together! You can learn from other startups who already have them, as they all have their own unique approaches.

The Bitcoin whitepaper was intended to add a new blockchain to the existing financial blockchain. It was also supposed to be used as an electronic payment system based on cryptographic proof instead of trust, allowing any two willing parties to transact directly with each other without the need for a trusted third party.


Some of the most famous hacks in Bitcoin history are:

  • The DDoS attacks on the website on December 18, 2014 (about 1000 BTC), and January 12, 2015 (about 4000 BTC). This first hack was caused by an external person using SQL injection to gain access to a database and then making a malicious script that turned out to be a DDoS attack on the site.
  • The second time it was done by hackers who gained access through their own code execution since some Reddit users used their own API keys, which they later shared with users who could have exploited them as well.
The biggest Bitcoin Hacks

Is it possible to trace a Bitcoin address?

Of course, Bitcoin does not operate like a regular currency or bank account. However, there are several tools and services available that can provide information about the owners of any Bitcoin address.

There is no central authority that controls the Bitcoin network, so all transactions are theoretically possible to trace from the sender to the receiver. This includes digital signatures used in many different services such as webmail systems and forum software. Several companies also offer direct API access to the blockchain data of any Bitcoin address:

WalletBit provides an overview of all addresses in a Bitcoin wallet, as well as advanced search functions displaying only addresses that belong to certain accounts or contain certain values.

How to trace a Bitcoin address

Who owns the most Bitcoin? Who is the richest Bitcoin millionaire?

Bitcoin millionaires are real, but as with how much wealth any particular individual owns, it’s hard to say exactly who the richest Bitcoin millionaire is. It’s also worth noting that while many people have more than one Bitcoin account, very few people own more than 1% of all the Bitcoins in existence. Even if they do, there doesn’t appear to be a huge difference in most cases – though there are some big names at the top of the list with millions of dollars worth of Bitcoins.

The government of South Korea has been investing in Bitcoin and actively buying up coins to keep the price up. There are countless stories of people accidentally discovering a Bitcoin that they found or won’t ever return. Most of us don’t even know what a Bitcoin is, or how to get one – but there are some people out there who are already millionaires, including celebrities like Paris Hilton, Floyd Mayweather and Jamie Foxx.

Who owns the most Bitcoin?

More than 400 people own over $1 million worth of Bitcoins. The list below is rich with entrepreneurs and venture capitalists, some well-known others less so:

  • Satoshi Nakamoto (creator of Bitcoin) 1,000,000+
  • Charlie Shrem 400 – 500.000
  • Barry Silbert 300.000
  • Chris Larsen
  • Roger Ver 100 – 200.000
  • Crypto group Erik Finman (Bitcoin evangelist) 900.000
  • Tim Draper (venture capitalist and founder of DFJ)
  • Fred Ehrsam
  • Balaji Srinivasan
  • Richard Branson
  • Cameron Winklevoss 120,000 to 170,000 Bitcoins

Differences to Ethereum

Ethereum is a programmable blockchain that allows for anyone and everyone to build their own decentralized applications – applications that run on the public Ethereum blockchain. Ethereum is designed so developers can create their own tokens or cryptocurrencies (aka dApps) using a standardized programming language called Solidity. Unlike Bitcoin, Ethereum has several assets built into the software instead of just being virtual currencies. These assets include Ether, which is currently the most popular token in use by dApps (tokens created on Ethereum can be traded with other users of the platform). More than twenty thousand people created over eight hundred different tokens in 2016 alone so there’s plenty of room for innovation.

Bitcoin vs. Ethereum

Ethereum is a more complex blockchain that has smart contract functionality. This means that, for example, if you hold a token issued on Ethereum and someone steals it from you or if you have a loan on this token, the smart contracts will automatically execute payments to the owed parties. Ethereum also allows users to create other applications on top of it, like decentralized exchanges or crowdfunding platforms. Hence, Ethereum can be considered as an application platform as well as a cryptocurrency.

Alternatively, Bitcoin is a fully decentralized peer-2-peer payment network. It’s simply used as digital cash – people send Bitcoins directly to each other over the network with no middleman involved in the transaction.


List of Scams and Warnings:

The most common scams are “Bitcoin faucets” which offer small amounts of free Bitcoin in exchange for completing a simple task, for example, filling out a CAPTCHA form or the signature below. Another common scam is phishing – a scammer tricks you into sending Bitcoins to them, thinking that they will send you real Bitcoins in return (that they have mined) – but instead, they’ll just take your Bitcoin address and run away with your money.


In conclusion, Bitcoin is a virtual currency that can’t be physically held in your hand. It was also designed to be not possible for a single whole Bitcoin to exist.

Pros: There are no fees, and transactions can’t be charged back. Unlike credit cards and bank transfers, it’s easy to send Bitcoins globally without any additional fees. Transactions can take about 10 minutes to clear which means they’re not good for every day use but they work in emergencies or if you want something that will arrive the next day (like pizza). You can also buy commodities like gold as well as other currencies with Bitcoin through marketplaces like LocalBitcoins. Bitcoin has no central authority so it’s secure from hacking or fraud by any one person or group.

Cons: Bitcoin is virtual and not backed by any government, so it’s not insured by the FDIC. It’s also volatile, so a Bitcoin can be worth less or more in two days. There are also no real consumer protections – if you have to make a claim against your Bitcoin account because a hacker stole them, you simply can’t get them back. Furthermore, fake websites claiming to provide “Bitcoin wallets” often charge fees for services that don’t exist (websites that instantly send and receive Bitcoin).

Bitcoin is the first cryptocurrency – a digital form of money that is issued and managed by no central authority.

The Bitcoin network requires users to download software which verifies past transactions and processes new ones, so everyone in the network gets a copy of the ledger. All transactions made are recorded in an online ledger called the blockchain (hence, it’s “the blockchain”). This is what keeps everybody honest, because if someone tries to double-spend somebody else’s Bitcoins, other people will notice that there are two identical transactions happening at the same time.

Bitcoin is still fairly difficult to accept as a form of payment in everyday life.

If you decide to invest in Bitcoins, this is not like buying shares in a company. It’s much more similar to buying a commodity like gold, and you’re not investing or speculating on anything other than what others think it’s worth.

Bitcoin is different from what most people think of when they hear the word “currency”. Bitcoin is a digital currency that acts as money – private money that can be used to buy things online as well as being exchanged for other currencies and services.

There is a limited supply of Bitcoins, and this means that the value of each Bitcoin will rise over time as more people begin to use it.

Bitcoins are created at a decreasing and predictable rate, so your earnings will get smaller and smaller until your last coin, which may be worth a lot or less than nothing, if you’re still holding it. It might be worth more after you sell it but the price could go down when you try to sell in the future.


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  5. ^ Hampton, Nikolai (5 September 2016). “Understanding the blockchain hype: Why much of it is nothing more than snake oil and spin”. Computerworld. IDG. Archived from the original on 6 September 2016. Retrieved 5 September 2016.
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  8. ^ Jump up to: Borate, Neil (11 January 2021). “What is bitcoin halving and will it affect the rate?”.
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